Society is quite fortunate that in this day and age, psychiatrists, psychologists, therapists, and specialists have come up with many different ways to help children and teens with neurodevelopmental disorders. Since there are no known cures for these disorders, the best society can do is to make life better for patients.
Autism spectrum disorder, or ASD, is one such disorder. Here are some of the therapies specialists have developed to help children and teens with ASD to cope with the world around them.
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Applied Behavior Analysis: Otherwise known as behavioral therapy, applied behavior analysis (ABA) is of great help for children on the spectrum, especially given the fact that they get frustrated very easily. Through ABA, kids learn how to lengthen their attention span and overall capacity for patience. They also learn how to do things around the house necessary for their everyday routines.
Speech: Through speech therapy, kids with ASD learn how to communicate. Since a huge percentage of autistic children are nonverbal kids, they have problems conveying their thoughts. Speech therapists help them say simple words through drills. Also, through speech therapy, kids with ASD can identify sets of images, which they show to people to tell others what they need.
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Occupational therapy: OT is the basic therapy for children on the spectrum. Therapists help children develop their cognitive and physiological functions. The goal here is to help children move and think as normally as possible.
Jonathan Lauter, M.D., is certified in both general and child/adolescent psychiatry. He is an elected fellow of the American Psychiatric Association. For more insights on mental health, check out this link.